The territorial translation of quotas: the carbon budget of territories and local carbon quota trading markets
The above has a major implication for the territories. Their carbon footprint can be defined as the footprint of the entire community residing in the territory. However, many of the efforts made by individuals to reduce their carbon footprint depend on the transition strategy of the territories themselves: housing policy, land use planning, management of public services, local agri-food systems, collective catering, mobility, etc. But it is also at this territorial scale, and thanks to the fact that a system of negotiable quotas ensures the traceability of each person’s carbon footprint, that the real impact of all these policies can be measured: territorial policies create objective conditions for reducing this carbon footprint, but it is the motivation of all actors to reduce their own footprint that gives these policies their full value.
Thus, each territory, understood as a human community, can think of itself as a collective actor committed to the respect of a carbon footprint that decreases year by year.
The territory can thus be the first level of organisation of the carbon quota exchange market, allowing an exchange market to be established between territories, with the most economical being able to enhance their efforts by selling a share of the quotas to less sustainable territories. It will also be an extraordinary lever to rethink the whole of territorial metabolisms.